> , , > :
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12.5.

.

(. . 12.2.4, . 12.2, 12.3). , . , ; .

, , . ; . 12.5.2.

[123].

12.5.1.

[60]. , , Spirogyra, Nitella Elodea. , . , -, .

[84] Elodea, , , , , : ( , ), , , . , 1 , . , (SPTP), , 0,29. [85, 86] , , , .

. [43] , , Hydrodictyon, Vicia faba, . [46] . , , , Spirogyra, Elodea. .

[91, 92] . , 1 Vicia faba . 70 . . . [9] Pisum sativum.

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